From the ancient of time, border protection in our country has taken roots in the air, land, and sea. The borders of the nation are protected against illegal drugs, people, contrabands as well as weapon entry to the country. This protection is essential to our economic prosperity and homeland security. At the same time, control of immigration to the state plays a vital role in reducing illegal residents and immigration in the country (Oliver & Hill, 2014). Therefore, the Department of Homeland Security (DHS) has installed extraordinary levels of technology, resources, and personnel as well as critical improvement in security that will manage and secure various region borders. At the same time, this department has made a vast improvement in the security along the border in northern, investment in increment of the border patrol technology, facilities, and agents while working hard to increases the strength of the maritime of the national security. Additionally, the DHS has focused on the effective and smart enforcement of immigration laws in the united stated while facilitating and streaming the legal processes of migration (Oliver & Hill, 2014).
In the southwest border, DHs is investing in technology, personnel, and infrastructure. The patrol at the border currently has a better staff compared to any point in time in its eight seven years of history. The population of boots has raised within the southwest border from an estimate of 9,100 recorded in 2001 to above 17,700 borders patrol personnel. Similarly, the Immigration and Customs Enhancement that is ICE has taken approximately a quarter of their staff to the border in the southwest region (Oliver & Hill, 2014). The ICE has the highest number of personnel. As a result, the number of assigned personnel to the border has doubled. This border agent’s increment assists in dealing and dismantling criminal organizations or groups along this southwest border as well as increasing the intelligence analysts who focus on cartel violence as they work with their counterparts from Mexico.
Similarly, the Customs and Border Protection have installed various border security on the southwest border. This border security includes the double detection canine group, that identifies the currency and firearms, mobile and remote video surveillance system, radiation monitoring portal, thermal imaging system as well as plate readers that read licenses (Oliver & Hill, 2014). As a result, CBP at the moment has the potential to screen all the southbound rail transportation of the illegal cash, drugs, and weapons. The CBP has achieved to expand unmanned aircraft systems to all parts of the southwest border as well as completion of 650 miles fence.
At the same time, during the reign of President Obama, he authorized the addition of temporal National Guard agents. This guard provided additional security at the border to deal with illegal people entry, drugs, money, and weapon and handle violence at the southwest border.
In the northerner border, DHs has worked to reinforce its security. DHS has installed the mobile surveillance system, remote video system, and the thermal camera system at this northern border. This border has the aerial coverage. In the northern border, approximately nine 949 miles, starting from Washington till Minnesota, unmanned aircraft cover it together with the 200 miles in new yolk as well as Ontario. None of this unmanned aircraft was available before the formation of the DHS. Similarly, the CBP with the aid of the Recovery Act Funds modernized over 35 land entry ports within the northern border to ensure operational needs and current security satisfaction. This CBP increased the border patrol personnel along the northern border. Also, around 3700 officers from CBP took the ground as well to manage the people and goods flowing across the entry ports and the northern border (Oliver & Hill, 2014).
Also, the international partnership is included in securing the northern border. In the second month of 2011, the Canada Prime Minister Harper and President Obama agreed on the “shared vision for perimeter security and economic competitiveness.” This vision stressed on shared responsibility to guarantee security, re-silencing and safety of Canada as well as America through addressing the many threats at early points, facilitating trade, jobs and economic growth. Therefore, the vision statement aids in integrating enforcement of cross-border laws, strengthen and secure the re-silencing of the cyber security and critical infrastructure (Stevens, 2018).
Maritime security has also been tightened. The United States Coast Guards secure the maritime borders of the nation using well-layered security systems that originate from beyond the physical borders of the country. The USCG’s response operation and maritime security include aerial, and water patrols that ensure foreigners and goods entry through the coast borders use the correct entry ports. At the same time, USCG has added the capacity and presence of the maritime forces which address various threats. The forces ensure maritime safety, respond to threats from terror and transportation of mass destruction weapons in the coast (Stevens, 2018). Therefore, this border security increase early detection of potential threats, aids in mobile surveillance, engage smugglers earlier and give warnings early as well as enable the USCG to work with various threats at early stages of time.
Radiation detection establishment, also, contributed to border security. The CBP introduced the radiation portal monitoring devices and other detection methods usage on land ports, seaports and mail facilities. In 2003, the radiation detection system scanned about 68 percent of the passengers’ vehicles and trucks arriving at the northern border. However, currently, the system scans passengers’ vehicles and containers 100 percent arriving through various land ports as well 99 percent containers arriving by sea (Alperen, 2017).
Also, DHS has focused on effective and smart enforcement of the United States immigration laws. The U.S Customs Enhancement and the immigration (ICE) works to ensure the immigration laws adaption. The ICE is ensuring adaption of the common sense regulations and policies. This policy provided an environment that is good for health enforcement of the laws that offer public safety, immigration system integrity, and border security (Alperen, 2017).
Recently, the federal government offered additional resources to ensure homeland security. In the first month of 2017, the United States president announced various executive orders that gave the DHS additional resources. In this orders, the personnel, tools and many other resources were offered to secure the orders, enforce immigration laws as well as to ensure the no entry or remaining of individuals who can pose a threat to the public or national security (Oliver & Hill, 2014).
Considering the people who arrive in the country as children are also vital. In 15, June 2012, Jane Napolitano, then- Homeland security secretary, issued the memorandum referred as “Exercising Prosecutorial Discretion concerning an individual who to the United States as Children.” This memorandum created non-congressionally administrative programs that are authorized to permit some people who arrived in the U.S as juveniles as well as met various criteria (DHS, May 11, 2016). This program included those lacking latest lawful immigration standards or status. These individuals need to request deferred action consideration for at least two years, work eligibility as well as undergo renewal process. Therefore, this program was called Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals abbreviated as DACA (Alperen, 2017).
American citizenship talks of our trait as a warmly welcoming country which guarantees freedom and rights as portrayed by the constitution. America is a country that resulted from the immigrant collection. This diversity of origin is the pillar of industry, arts, and culture. Therefore, the office of “Citizenship and Immigration (Ombudsman) services is concerned with the improvement of immigration and citizenship services provided to people. This improvement is achieved through giving various individual cases assistance and providing recommendations that improve the administration of the immigration benefits. DHS using various multi-layered and risk-based systems has taken critical phases to ensure no immigration benefit is granted to people who can pose threats to the national security (Alperen, 2017).
Marriage brings the immigration results, and it is vital to consider people who came to the United States as a result of marriage. The former homeland security secretary Janet Napolitano asked on the implementation of the court ruling about protection of the Marriage Act. President Obama urged the immigration services to review the visa petitions that were filled on behalf of the same-sex spouse as well as those of opposite-sex spouse (DHS, May 11, 2016). Therefore, the directions given provide benefits for immigrants who are married to have spouses in the country.
Also, DHS through the usage of the immigration and United States services gives immigration benefits to all individuals allowed to stay in the United States on a permanent or temporal basis (DHS, May 11, 2016).
In conclusion, many people wish to conduct business and visit the United States. The United States has provided the legal ways to get into the country. However, people wish to use wrong roots to enter the country. This illegal entry of goods, people, and tools can endanger the inhabitants of our nation. As a result, the Department of Homeland Security has promised a safe home starting from the borders security in the southwest, northern region, the maritime security as well as all borders of the country. Not only the borders but also this department has ensured the enforcement and administration of our immigration laws. Therefore, the DHS is playing an important role to ensure a country is a safe place for everyone every day. It is always better to secure and manage today than waiting for reactions that result from negligence and assumptions (Oliver & Hill, 2014).
Alperen, M. J. (2017). Foundations of homeland security: Law and policy. John Wiley & Sons Inc.
DHS. (May 11, 2016). Our Mission.
Retreived from https://www.dhs.gov/our-mission.
DHS. (September 15, 2017). Plan and Prepare for Disasters.
Retrieved from https://www.dhs.gov/topic/plan-and-prepare-disasters.
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Oliver, W. M., Marion, N. E., & Hill, J. B. (2014). Introduction to Homeland Security. Sudbury: Jones & Bartlett Learning, LLC.
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Stevens, D. J. (2018). An introduction to American policing.