With the advancement in modern technology, there is enormous room for innovations and inventions in various fields and industries. Indeed, use of automated technology has significantly explored on the new areas which need research and development as well as improving the already existing knowledge. Thus, use of computer automated machines, also known as robots, to discover and bridge the gap between unachieved and the real situations is presently dominating many different sectors across the globe. Artificial Intelligence (AI) is a broad technological term in the discipline of computer science, which examines and stress on the manufacturing of the automated machines (robotics), which have a sophisticated capability in service delivery compared to human beings. There are several reasons why countries and states tend to adopt this form of technology. For instance, in the contemporary world, AI is essential in developing and improving workforce in sectors such as construction, transport, aeronautical and bakery industries among others. In the recent past, most organizations and companies, such as Microsoft, Leka, and Babylon Health have integrated the field of artificial intelligence due to a couple of benefits such as planning, problem-solving, learning purposes, difficult space exploration and ability to work without breaks and much more (Syam). Therefore, this paper seeks to explore on the application of artificial intelligence technology, in the healthcare industry in identifying and improving the crucial aspects within the medical department across the states.
As indicated earlier, AI is a field which applies across many sectors to help develop and revolutionize the current way of doing things. According to medical specialists and other health practitioners, the idea of incorporating artificial intelligence in the healthcare system is commendable. In fact, the specialists imply that the technology will guide improve on the diagnosis and treatment of severe infections including cancer which is the most killer disease across the continents. Also, this integration is critical in sophisticated health scenarios such as radiosurgery, which demand more accuracy and precision to avoid damaging patient brain tissues. Therefore, adoption of modern robotics in the medical industry will induce greater positive impacts and aid retain efficient overall health standards among the population (Hamlet). Also, medical practitioners and other health scientists may develop robotics devices which when fed with the patient symptoms are capable of generating a treatment plan. A critical example is the Mind-Reading Algorithm Mechanism developed by Kyoto University in collaboration with ATR Neuroscience Laboratories in Japan. Some of the merits as well as possible means of restructuring excellent health facilities, through use of artificial intelligence, are as follows.
Mobility of Disabled Patient Enabled By Robotic Medical Device
In the current world, due to many accidents which arise either from collapsing of a building, road or aircraft incidences, may lead to individuals disability. However, it is incredibly incredible that most of the patient who finds themselves crippled can go back to their healthy life through robotic devices. The machine is configured via mathematical codes and other computer languages to help the individual client or patient move or perform a given activity without much strain. The gadget comprises of electronically modified limbs that offer ease mobility of the individual. A typical example of such a robotic device is the Hybrid Assistive Limb, invented and manufactured by Cyberdyne Inc. in Japan. Also, the machine is vital for the clients experiencing exoskeleton and muscle problems. Thus, the gadget is a remedy for the persons suffering from paralyzed limbs (Pompa).
Robotics Kids Guider
More interestingly, with the robotic technology, it is possible to manufacture devices which closely mimic some of the human actions and cognitive such as movement, jumping, laughing among others. These features of the robotics can help catch the attention of the children hospitalized, thus making it simpler for the nurses or doctors administering the drugs and another form of therapies. Again, robots are useful in helping kids to maintain their trips with their medical specialists. For instance, most hospitals in Canada embrace this technology, whereby the robotics used is approximately two feet tall with gestures and actions to attract kids. From the research conducted by the University of Calgary and the Alberta Health Services, depicted that most kids received their flu shots with the aid robots. Also, to emphasize on the significance of the robotics during therapy administration, Dr. Tanya, robot developer, indicates that only a few kids never received the shots as result of punching and kicking. However, as technology advances, developers should build software which includes more features like facial expression to increase the level of interaction between kids and the robots (Celestin).
Robotics Companionship to the Elderly
In most states, the elderly group tend to live in the outskirts and within peripheries of major cities. Hence, it makes them be left out or rather feel segregated from the rest of the society possibly working in the urban areas. Therefore, to reduce both severe social and emotional impacts facing the old people, robotics devices come in to offer the very close companionship. Indeed, the gadgets are critical not only for mutual expressions and togetherness but also useful in reminding their counterparts the intervals in which to take medicines. In support of the above, a study by the University of Auckland shows that the robotics machines in households of the elderly generation are vital in reducing social isolation and improving their medical care (Martinez-Martin).
In future, according to high levels of inventions in technology, the dental departments and other health centers may experience new workforce of robotics devices taking care of the dental complications. The idea of dental robots does not only seem fascinating but also will help improve on the frequency in the manufacturing of the crown part of the artificial tooth. Ideally, mixing of chemical elements and compounds constituting crown, require accurate measurement, which is possible through robotics. In conjunction with this, companies and healthcare organization specializing in the manufacturing of medicines and other forms of a drug can adopt Baxter robotics. Baxter robotics refers to the industrial trained robots and can perform general tasks including mixing, kitting, packaging and line loading of the materials. On the other hand, the devices will aid in the extraction of aching tooth among the patient. A possible example in Japan explained of a dentist robot that successfully managed to extract a wisdom tooth from a 55-year old patient (Ehtesham).
Bacteria Killer Robots
However much tiny they are, microscopic organisms and germs, cannot escape the eyes of the robots. Comprehensive programming and configurations done to specific robots, facilitate the effective to determine and destroy a particular bacteria. For example, robotics designed to examine harmful bacteria can read and extract skin affected layers in the form of X-rays and computerized tomography scans. A case of a hospital using robots in destroying bacteria is the University of Vermont Medical Center. According to the healthcare manager of the University, robots play a crucial role in eliminating error induced by medical experts. Of late the global market depicts that the demand for such robots is rapidly increasing (Daniel).
Robotics Nurses and Caretakers
As the states witness technological wonders, it is essential to manufacture devices that will cater for the overall household tasks and chores such as washing utensils, laundry, carrying patients with impairments like mobility or visual from one point to another and many more roles at in a homestead. For example, in San Francisco, there is one solar panel factory, whereby robots dominant regarding workforce and with the relatively low human labor force. In this particular plant, robots perform tasks demanding much energy such as heavy lifting and aligning solar cells in various slots among others. On the other hand, human workers engage in less energy involving tasks such as threading wires, trimming excess gadgets and materials as well as simple screwing of panels. The realization of innovations makes it possible for the manufacturers to come up with robotics nurses and caretaker to manage all home-based activities. An excellent example of such a robot is currently in Japan, commonly known as the ROBEAR, which carry out heavy-tasks including moving and lifting loads and supporting the mobility of individuals with impairment complications. Similarly, San Francisco host some hospitals which use robotics called Tugs, to perform roles such as laundry, delivering food and drugs to the patients. Another modern nursing robotics is the RIBA designed for an “Interactive Body Assistance.” RIBA came into existence through combined endeavors of RIKEN and the Tokai Rubber industry. Thus, their collaboration led to the development of a nursing-assistant robot, which also aided in lifting patient in and out of bed and even from the wheelchairs. Moreover, research on the caretaker’s robots, depict that their market is yet to rise on time across the globe (Ross).
With the development of a particular type of robotic devices referred to as the Nano-robots, it is possible to cure the disastrous infection of leukemia. In most instances, though there exist various forms leukemia, the common one tends to affect the children severely. To remedy the epidemic, medical scientists may develop advanced robotics which can easily penetrate through the bloodstream to destroy the disease-causing cells. For instance, a medical expert in London portrays that the injection of tiny DNA Nanorobots to swim through the patient bloodstream is critical in healing leukemia without damaging individual’s internal tissues (Fader).
In conclusion, artificial intelligence as a modern form of technological development is essential in exploring the gaps in existing knowledge. However, the technology, on the other hand, tends to create more complications, especially in the individual healthcare. The emergence of the robotics devices in almost every department of the health center, generate unemployment among the medical experts. For instance, like in the case of solar panel factory in San Francisco, a majority of workforce comprises of the robots and only a few individuals possibly technicians, thus rendering most people within the area jobless. Also, the regular exposure of the patients towards harmful radioactive rays such X-rays and Nano-robots may cause further compromise health of an individual patient (van).
Celestin. “The Implementation of Integrated Science Technology, Engineering and Mathematics (STEM) Instruction using Robotics in the Middle School Science Classroom.” international Journal of Education in Mathematics, Science and Technology (2018): 12-40.
Daniel. From Bacteria to Bach and Back: The Evolution of Minds. Penguin Books Limited, 2017.
Ehtesham. “Clinical decision support system, a potential solution for diagnostic accuracy improvement in oral squamous cell carcinoma.” Journal of Oral Health and Oral Epidemiology (2017): 187-195.
Fader. “Minimally Invasive Techniques for Treating Gynecologic Malignancies.” Journal of the National Comprehensive Cancer Network (2017): 730-732.
Hamlet, P. “Artificial intelligence in medicine.” Metabolism-Clinical and Experimental (2017): S36-S40.
Martinez-Martin. “Personal Robot Assistants for Elderly Care: An Overview. In Personal Assistants:.” Emerging Computational Technologies (2018): 77-91.
Pompa. “Does robot-assisted gait training improve ambulation in highly disabled multiple sclerosis people? A pilot randomized control trial.” Multiple Sclerosis Journal (2017): 696-703.
Ross, Alec. Healthcare. Simon and Schuster, 2016.
Syam, N. ” Waiting for a sales renaissance in the fourth industrial revolution: Machine learning and artificial intelligence in sales research and practice.” .” Journal of Industrial Marketing Management (2018): 132-186.
Van, Aimee. Healthcare Robots: Ethics, Design, and Implementation. Routledge, 2016.