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Arkansas History

11. What hostile group curtailed the Freeman-Custis Expedition?

The Freeman-Custis expedition was curtailed by the Spanish troops which were led by Francisco viana.The soldiers had marched over land while the explorers had followed the river leading to the confrontation between the two parties. The area where they confronted is popularly known as the Spanish bluff.

12. The severe series of shocks known as the New Madrid earthquake occurred over the winter of? The New Madrid earthquake occurred in the winter of 1811 and 1812

Where is New Madrid?

New Madrid is a city located in the New Madrid County on the Kentucky bend of the Mississippi river which is 68 kilometers on the southwest of Cairo.

What effect did the earthquakes have on Arkansas?

The ground rose and fall opening big cracks on the ground

Human-made structures were destroyed by the earthquakes

Surface deformation was also encountered due to the earthquakes

13. What are characteristics of Arkansas’ “sunk lands?”

The lands are submerged under the of property by landowners

Creation of lakes, forests submerged in the water

14. List two major results of the War of 1812 that had direct effect on Arkansas?

The Missouri government created the first county

the Seizing of seamen and stoppage of American ships due to the exasperated admission of James Madison.

15. The first Fort Smith was established in by what military unit and who was the

commanding general of the Rifle Regiment? Where was the headquarters of the Rifle Regiment?

The fort smith was established by the Regiment of Riflemen unit.

The commanding general was General Thomas Adams Smith

The headquarters if the rifle regiment was near St. Louis

16. “Partly responsible for the establishment of Fort Smith” was the hostility between?

Fort Smith was established due to hostility between the Spanish and the united states.\

17. What two officers established Fort Smith in 1817? What was the role of each officer in this endeavor?

Fort Smith was established by Major William Bradford and by Major Stephen H. Long

Steven h long designed the fort while major William Bradford built the fort.

18. Who was Arkansas’ first territorial governor? In what War of 1812 battle did he win hero status?

James Miller was the first territorial governor. His victory in the Battle of Lundy’s Lane made him a hero.

19. Who appointed the territorial governors?

Territorial governors were appointed by the president.

20. Who served as territorial secretary and as acting governor for a period in 1819?

Robert Crittenden served as territorial secretary and also as acting governor for nine months in 1819.

21. What event necessitated the formation of Arkansas territory in 1819?

The petition by Missouri for statehood

22. What was the status of slavery in the state of Missouri and the territory of Arkansas as defined by the

Missouri Compromise?

Maine was made a free state while Missouri was a slave state this was to balance the power between the north and south.

23. What did New York Congressmen James Tallmadge and John Taylor propose about Missouri statehood

and Arkansas Territory?

The two congressmen requested for statehood and also proposed for the restriction of slavery which they believed it was a state issue to be settled by the constitution.

24. Where was Arkansas’ first capital and what newspaper was set up there?

The first Arkansas capital was Arkansas Post. And The Arkansas Gazette was the newspaper set up there.

25. The 1821 Siege of Fort Smith may have been the closest that Arkansas and the U. S. came to warfare with?

Revolutionary war combat.

26. Where did David Hall, Sr. settle and what made his family unique among Arkansas yeomen? (from the

Encyclopedia of Arkansas History and Culture)

David hall settled in the white river with his family.

He was the first to cultivate corn and made whiskey, and this would sustain him and his family. His entire family followed the same line of farming which made them unique.

27. What kinship formed between David Hall and Peter Caulder? (from the Encyclopedia of Arkansas History

and Culture)

Peter Caulder married the daughter of David hall making his the son-in-law of David Hall.

28. What was the fate of the Quapaw Indians in Arkansas Territory?

They were removed by the united states government in 1818 and 1824.however they had tried to maintain their peaceful coexistence.

29. What deadly event effectively ended the political career of Robert Crittenden in Arkansas?

The appointment of George izard as the governor despite being recommended by Henry Conway who was a delegate of Congress when the former governor James Miller resigned which left Robert still the secretary of state.

30. When did Arkansas become a state and under what presidential administration? Arkansas was state

the number to be admitted to the Union.

Arkansas became a state on June 15th, 1836 under the presidents Andrew Jackson’s administration. Arkansas was the 25th state to be admitted to the union.

31. What was a campaign issue of the Whig Party in Arkansas?

They supported Crittenden his allies who believed statehood gave hope of returning political power through state opportunities and federal elective offices and land access that may come along

32. Identify these politicians: James Sevier Conway; Albert Pike; Archibald Yell

James Sevier Conway

He was the first elected governor of the Arkansas state in 1836.

His administration was recognized by economic issues, funds in the treasury, created states first banks and the national depression which consumed the surplus and contributed to collapse of the banking system.

Albert Pike

Born in Boston. Albert Pike also taught in schools and wrote articles for little rock Arkansas where he later joined the newspaper, and after marring mary Ann in 1834, he bought the paper.

He was the first Arkansas supreme court reporter, he studied law and was admitted to the bar in1837. Where he represented native Americans against the federal government.

Archibald Yell

He was the first Arkansas congressman

he Was the second governor of Arkansas after James Miller.

Founder of the first Masonic lodge

Yell County and Yellville (Marion County) were named after him

33. What parties were involved in the infamous knife fight in the Arkansas legislature and how did this eventmagnify one of Arkansas’ most persistent problems?

The infamous fight in Arkansas involved state Representative of Randolph County Major Joseph Anthony and Speaker of the House Colonel John Wilson of Clark County.

The urge to verify the predicted tax and where the pelts were derived caused the disagreement leading to the fight between the two this action highlighted corruption as one of the problems encountered by the Arkansas.

34. George William Featherstonehaugh traveled through Arkansas in what year and how did he injure Arkansas.’

Reputation? What contemporary revolutionary did Fanshaw meet in Arkansas and where?

George William Featherstonehaugh traveled through Arkansas in 1831. His writing described the Arkansas people as crude which injured Arkansas.

35. What author wrote bear stories and other humorous encounters about people of Devil’s Fork of the Little

Red River? What artist’s painting of an Arkansas scene is entitled, The Arkansas Traveler?

The author of devils fork was Albert Pike. Colonel Sanford Sandy Faulkner was the one who painted the Arkansas traveler

36. What Massachusetts-born Arkansan wrote in glowing terms of the land and beauty of Arkansas? Who isthis man most compete biographer?

Albert Pike wrote the land beauty in glowing term

Mason Jim Tresner was the most compete biographer of Albert Pike

37. The first five elected governors of Arkansas were born in what state?

The first five elected governors were born in Kentucky State.

38. This demonstrates a recurrent principle of migration along the lines of latitude.

This is because cultural interaction from east to west was natural than from north to south.

39. What is your reason for that tendency?

Migration in the same latitude line promoted sharing or animals crops and technology.

40. Historian Donald McNeilly wrote about settlement in Arkansas’ richest farmlands by a group he calls the

“Boy Planters.” What does the author mean by that term? (Note: read a review of The Old South

Frontier: Cotton Plantations and the Formation of Arkansas Society).

Boy planters were a phrase used to relate to the workers who worked On the cotton farms.

41. Arkansas voters usually followed the politics of what national party?

Arkansas voters followed the politics of the democratic republic party.

42. Early Arkansas governors were followers of what heroic and controversial president?

They were supporters of President Andrew Jackson.

43. Who was the Tennessee political ally of Archibald Yell elected president on the Democratic ticket in 1844? How did this president affect the western expansion of the United States and prominently affect the history of Arkansas?

James Knox Polk was the political ally of Archibald.

President Polk administration saw the expansion of the United States with annexation of the Texas Republic, Oregon territory, and the Mexican Cession (Dougan, et al. 47)

44. What former governor of Arkansas was killed in the Battle of Buena Vista during the War with Mexico?

Archibald Yell was the former governor who was killed in the battle.

45. Who was the hero of Buena Vista and who used that fame to win the 1848 presidential election?

Major Zachary Taylor was the hero and used his fame to win the 1848 presidential election. (Dougan, et al. 27)

46. What two influential Arkansans fought a duel over honor near Fort Smith while the War with Mexico was going on?

Colonel John Selden Roane and Albert Pike

47. The War with Mexico occurred under which presidential administration? What were its years?

The Mexican war occurred during the presidency of James Knox Polk and was between the years 1846-1848

48. What vast territories were ceded by Mexico to the United States with the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo in1848?

Mexico ceded Alta California and Santa Fe de Nuevo México territories

49. What event occurred in northern California at this time that profoundly affected Arkansas and U. S.History?

Mexico gave the united states ownership of California (Dougan, et al. 23)

50. What army explorer led the Fort Smith Expedition to Dona Ana (near El

Paso) in 1849 and in so doing mapped out a route for emigrants and a

railroad to California? (see index for The Journal of the Fort Smith

Historical Society).

Randolph Barnes Marcy was the army explorer who led the fort smith expedition


Arkansas. Bureau of Mines, Manufactures and Agriculture, 1930.

Genova, L. Inside the O’Brien’s: A novel. 2015.

Dougan, Michael B, et al. Arkansas History: An Annotated Bibliography. Greenwood P, 1995.




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