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Antibiotic and MRSA Essay

Antibiotics are used to prevent bacterial infections that are harmful to humans. Antibiotic resistance occurs when the medicines change bacteria. Bacteria become antibiotic resistant indicating their enhanced strength. Antibiotics become ineffective and are unable to weaken bacteria that pose high risks to human health. It is difficult to treat humans with bacterial infections who become antibiotic resistant. The problem of antibiotic-resistant is increasing across the world and various factors are responsible for its cause. It threatens the ability to treat infectious diseases. Antibiotic resistance in people suffering from pneumonia, blood poisoning, tuberculosis and foodborne diseases makes it untreatable. Overuse or misuse of antibiotics is the central reason causing antibiotic resistance. Different precautions are available that leads to a reduction of the impact of resistance (Gasink & Brennan, 2009).

Children with Community 2 Acquired MRSA are resistant to a class of beta-lactam antibiotics. Children with MRSA face risks of catching infections not only in hospital settings but also outside. A dramatic increase of CA-MRSA among children raises concerns for taking adequate measures that result in its elimination. The primary concern in such case is to prevent its transmission among children. Medicine recognized MSRA as nosocomial pathogen becoming the dominant strain in some communities of US. MRSA first emerged in hospitals and later in the communities threatening healthy individuals. Antibiotic pressures contribute to the emergence of CA-MRSA. Antibiotic pressures in hospital settings increase further risks for the children while the transmission is possible through direct contact. Evidence suggests that antibiotics are not necessary for people infected with CA-MRSA. The prevalence of MRSA in the community remains one of the significant factor contributing towards its development. Screening and decolonization of CA-MRSA remain important preventive measures for avoiding antibiotic resistance. Screening is important for the children below eight years of age that suffer from skin disease. Decolonization is a process that removes the carriers of CA-MRSA among the children. Tropical agents such as triclosan are effective for removing the infection from the skin. Tropical therapy and intranasal therapy are useful for removing from areas other than the nose (Popoola, Tamma, Reich, & Perl, 2013).

Contact with infected person transmits MSRA in healthy humans. The research reveals that direct contact with the healthcare workers exerts high risks of MSRA transmission. The risks of spreading bacteria are high when a healthcare worker engages in activities of dressing, wound debridement, catheter care and tracheal suctioning. Hospitalized patients with MSRA are more vulnerable to develop antibiotic resistance due to their increased contact with the hospitals or clinics and nursing staff. The prevention of MSRA depends on certain factors such as regular screening of children for identification of MRSA carriers. Possible treatments for the children with CA-MRSA involve local therapy with soaks and elevations. Antimicrobial therapy is more suitable for young children along with incision and drainage. The choice of antibiotics depends on the severity of the problem and clinical judgments. Appropriate antibiotics choices for children involve cloxacillin and cefazolin (Barton, MBBS, Michael Hawkes, Moore, Conly, & Nicolle, 2006).

The audience might ask the questions; what are the causes of antibiotic resistance? Why children with CA-MRSA need more precautions to eradicate the chances of disease spread? what are the steps to prevent antibiotic resistance among children with MRSA? To address the questions I would try to explain the antibiotic resistance and how it develops. It is important to provide complete information to the parents of the children having CA-MRSA. The instructions would involve an explanation of the factors that lead to the transmission of micro-organisms. the discussion will include the emphasis on minimizing contact with healthcare workers in clinics. I will also convince the audience to undergo regular screenings.


Barton, M., MBBS, Michael Hawkes, M., Moore, D., Conly, J., & Nicolle, L. (2006). Guidelines for the prevention and management of community-associated methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus: A perspective for Canadian healthcare practitioners. Can J Infect Dis Med Microbiol, 4.

Gasink, L. B., & Brennan, P. J. (2009). Isolation precautions for antibiotic-resistant bacteria in healthcare settings… Curr Opin Infect Dis, 22 (4), 339-4.

Popoola, V. O., Tamma, P., Reich, N. G., & Perl, T. M. (2013). Risk Factors for Persistent MRSA Colonization in Children with Multiple Intensive Care Unit Admissions. Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol, 34 (7), 748–750.



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